GLOSSARY OF A
NUMBER OF THE EUROPEAN GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES
GIVEN TO THIS REGION OF AUSTRALIA
This was named after Lady Alice Todd, wife of Sir Charles Heavitree Todd,
Postmaster-General and Government Astronomer.
'In 1871 John
Ross chose the Heavitree Gap for the route of the Overland Telegraph Line
where it lay across the MacDonnell Ranges. The springs, which are a waterhole
in the Todd River, were used as a watering place by the telegraph staff.
They were named in honour of the wife of Todd, who was responsible for
the construction of the line. The telegraph repeater station, built in
1872, was also known as Alice Springs. The site was not suitable for the
town, which was surveyed and gazetted in 1888 as Stuart, after J. McDouall
Stuart, who passed within 50 or 60 km of the springs in 1860. The name
of the explorer was not perpetuated, for when the original telegraph station
was transferred to the town, the name of Stuart, was officially replaced
by Alice Springs.'
(Reed. A. W. Place Names of Australia Sydney, A.H. & A. W. Reed,
This was named by explorer, J. McDouall Stuart on his 1860 expedition,
when he discovered this river which was lined with gum trees. He wrote
on April 4, 1860: 'The creek I have named the Finke, after my sincere
friend, William Finke of Adelaide - one of the liberal promoters of the
different expeditions I have had the honour to lead'.
Mount Finke was also
named by Stuart, in August 1858.
The Aboriginal name for the Finke River was Larapinta or Lirambenda, meaning
'creek with permanent water'.
The area was named after Hermannsburg in Germany, and the Lutheran Mission
was founded by two German missionaries, Kempe and Schwarz. They left Bethany
in South Australia in October 1875, and with their livestock reached the
area they called Hermannsburg some nineteen months later.
Today this area is
known by its Aboriginal name 'Ntaria'.
Named by J. McDouall Stuart on his fourth continental crossing of the
continent from south to north, in honour of the Governor of South Australia,
Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell.
Named by explorer John Charles Darke in 1844 after his uncle, John Hilder
Named by Ernest Giles in 1872, on account of its many tall Palm trees,
which is a species that has survived in this area since ancient times.
Named after A.A. Simpson, President of the South Australian branch of
the Royal Geographical Society, who helped raise the funds for an extensive
aerial survey of Central Australia, conducted by Dr Madigan.
Named after one of the earliest women teachers in the school at Alice
Left: Arthur Streeton
- Above Us The Great Grave Sky, 1890
Collection: National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.